An Analysis of the Relationships between Social Capital Levels and Selected Green Economy Indicators on the Example of Polish Voivodeships
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Department of Socio-Economic Geography, Institute of Spatial Management and Geography, Faculty of Geoengineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-720 Olsztyn, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2024, 16(4), 1459; https://doi.org/10.3390/su16041459 (registering DOI)
Submission received: 12 January 2024
Revised: 1 February 2024
Accepted: 6 February 2024
Published: 8 February 2024
This article presents the results of a study analyzing the relationships between social capital levels and the green economy in Polish regions. By linking these concepts and examining the relationships between them, the study can offer valuable insights for promoting the development of social capital and the green economy. Social capital drives individual growth, and sustainable development plays a key role in this process by improving the quality of life and well-being at a level that is permitted by the current level of civilization. Therefore, social capital is a key prerequisite for sustainable development because it regulates the environmental impact of economic growth and lays the foundation for future development. Trust, openness, and the willingness to cooperate contribute to high levels of social capital, and they are essential for pursuing the common good and preventing the misuse of shared resources. The green economy concept paves the way to sustainable development by improving well-being, reducing environmental risks, and preventing resource depletion. The aim of this study was to identify and describe the relationships between social capital levels (measured based on the main criterion and indirect criteria, including public moral norms, engagement and social bonds, and social trust) and selected green economy indicators on the example of Polish voivodeships. The study involved Polish voivodeships, and data for analyses were obtained from statistical databases in the public domain. The analyzed phenomena are complex and multi-faceted, and they were measured with the use of composite variables. Composite indicators were determined with Hellwig’s method. The study revealed low levels of the examined phenomena and considerable differences between Polish regions. Social capital (main criterion) and engagement and social bonds (indirect criterion) were significantly correlated with the composite measure of a green economy. These results indicate that high levels of social capital can contribute to the growth of integrated, stable, and rapidly evolving communities that are able to effectively cope with the challenges of the green economy transition.
MDPI and ACS Style
Pawlewicz, K.; Cieślak, I.
An Analysis of the Relationships between Social Capital Levels and Selected Green Economy Indicators on the Example of Polish Voivodeships. Sustainability 2024, 16, 1459.
Pawlewicz K, Cieślak I.
An Analysis of the Relationships between Social Capital Levels and Selected Green Economy Indicators on the Example of Polish Voivodeships. Sustainability. 2024; 16(4):1459.
Pawlewicz, Katarzyna, and Iwona Cieślak.
2024. “An Analysis of the Relationships between Social Capital Levels and Selected Green Economy Indicators on the Example of Polish Voivodeships” Sustainability 16, no. 4: 1459.
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