IJMS | Free Full-Text | DNA Barcoding and Fertilization Strategies in Sideritis syriaca subsp. syriaca, a Local Endemic Plant of Crete with High Medicinal Value

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IJMS | Free Full-Text | DNA Barcoding and Fertilization Strategies in Sideritis syriaca subsp. syriaca, a Local Endemic Plant of Crete with High Medicinal Value


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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2024, 25(3), 1891; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25031891 (registering DOI)

Submission received: 14 December 2023
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Revised: 29 January 2024
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Accepted: 30 January 2024
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Published: 4 February 2024

Abstract

Herein, we applied DNA barcoding for the genetic characterization of Sideritis syriaca subsp. syriaca (Lamiaceae; threatened local Cretan endemic plant) using seven molecular markers of cpDNA. Five fertilization schemes were evaluated comparatively in a pilot cultivation in Crete. Conventional inorganic fertilizers (ChFs), integrated nutrient management (INM) fertilizers, and two biostimulants were utilized (foliar and soil application). Plant growth, leaf chlorophyll fluorescence, and color were assessed and leaf content of chlorophyll, key antioxidants (carotenoids, flavonoids, phenols), and nutrients were evaluated. Fertilization schemes induced distinct differences in leaf shape, altering quality characteristics. INM-foliar and ChF-soil application promoted yield, without affecting tissue water content or biomass partitioning to inflorescences. ChF-foliar application was the most stimulatory treatment when the primary target was enhanced antioxidant contents while INM-biostimulant was the least effective one. However, when the primary target is yield, INM, especially by foliar application, and ChF, by soil application, ought to be employed. New DNA sequence datasets for the plastid regions of petB/petD, rpoC1, psbK-psbI, and atpF/atpH were deposited in the GenBank for S. syriaca subsp. syriaca while the molecular markers rbcL, trnL/trnF, and psbA/trnH were compared to those of another 15 Sideritis species retrieved from the GenBank, constructing a phylogenetic tree to show their genetic relatedness.

Share and Cite

MDPI and ACS Style

Paschalidis, K.; Fanourakis, D.; Tsaniklidis, G.; Tsichlas, I.; Tzanakakis, V.A.; Bilias, F.; Samara, E.; Ipsilantis, I.; Grigoriadou, K.; Samartza, I.;
et al. DNA Barcoding and Fertilization Strategies in Sideritis syriaca subsp. syriaca, a Local Endemic Plant of Crete with High Medicinal Value. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2024, 25, 1891.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25031891

AMA Style

Paschalidis K, Fanourakis D, Tsaniklidis G, Tsichlas I, Tzanakakis VA, Bilias F, Samara E, Ipsilantis I, Grigoriadou K, Samartza I,
et al. DNA Barcoding and Fertilization Strategies in Sideritis syriaca subsp. syriaca, a Local Endemic Plant of Crete with High Medicinal Value. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2024; 25(3):1891.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25031891

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paschalidis, Konstantinos, Dimitrios Fanourakis, Georgios Tsaniklidis, Ioannis Tsichlas, Vasileios A. Tzanakakis, Fotis Bilias, Eftihia Samara, Ioannis Ipsilantis, Katerina Grigoriadou, Ioulietta Samartza,
and et al. 2024. “DNA Barcoding and Fertilization Strategies in Sideritis syriaca subsp. syriaca, a Local Endemic Plant of Crete with High Medicinal Value” International Journal of Molecular Sciences 25, no. 3: 1891.
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms25031891

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