Lin-Manuel Miranda: Difference between revisions – Wikipedia

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Lin-Manuel Miranda: Difference between revisions – Wikipedia


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{{Short description|American songwriter, actor and librettist (born 1980)}}

{{Short description|American songwriter, actor and librettist (born 1980)}}

{{Use American English|date=June 2022}}

{{Use American English|date=June 2022}}

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{{Use mdy dates|date=June 2022}}

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Miranda made his Broadway debut in 2008, writing the music and lyrics for and starring in the musical ”In the Heights”, which won the [[Tony Awards]] for [[Tony Award for Best Musical|Best Musical]] and [[Tony Award for Best Original Score|Best Original Score]]<ref name=”HeightsTony”>{{cite web |last1=Gans |first1=Andrew |last2=Hernandez |first2=Ernio |title=2007–2008 Tony Nominations Announced; ”In the Heights” Earns 13 Noms |url= |date=May 13, 2008 |work=[[Playbill]] |access-date=October 1, 2015 }}</ref> and the [[Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album]].<ref name=HeightGrammy>{{cite web |title=2009 Grammy Awards – Complete Winners and Nominees |url= |publisher=Uproxx.com |date=February 8, 2009 |access-date=October 1, 2015 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170822014552/ |archive-date=August 22, 2017 |url-status=dead }}</ref> It was later adapted as a [[In the Heights (film)|2021 film]] of the same name.<ref>Gans, Andrew. [ “The First Trailer for Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ”In the Heights ”Movie, Starring Anthony Ramos, Is Here”] Playbill, December 12, 2019</ref> Miranda returned to Broadway in 2015, writing the script, music, and lyrics for as well as starring in the musical ”Hamilton”, which won near-universal acclaim from critics and audiences and became a [[popular culture]] phenomenon.<ref>{{cite news |last1=Boedeker |first1=Hal |title=””Hamilton”: PBS explores inspiring phenom |url= |work=[[Orlando Sentinel]] |date=October 15, 2016 |access-date=June 18, 2018 |archive-date=June 18, 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180618080124/ |url-status=dead }}</ref> ”Hamilton” won the [[Pulitzer Prize for Drama]] and was nominated for a record 16 [[Tony Awards]] and won 11, including Miranda’s first win for the [[Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical]]. The [[Hamilton (album)|”Hamilton” cast recording]] spent 10 weeks atop ”[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]]”{{‘}}s [[Rap Albums|Top Rap Albums]] chart and became the eleventh-biggest album of the 2010s.<ref>{{cite magazine|url= 200 : Page 1|magazine=Billboard|access-date=December 5, 2019}}</ref>

Miranda made his Broadway debut in 2008, writing the music and lyrics for and starring in the musical ”In the Heights”, which won the [[Tony Awards]] for [[Tony Award for Best Musical|Best Musical]] and [[Tony Award for Best Original Score|Best Original Score]]<ref name=”HeightsTony”>{{cite web |last1=Gans |first1=Andrew |last2=Hernandez |first2=Ernio |title=2007–2008 Tony Nominations Announced; ”In the Heights” Earns 13 Noms |url= |date=May 13, 2008 |work=[[Playbill]] |access-date=October 1, 2015 }}</ref> and the [[Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album]].<ref name=HeightGrammy>{{cite web |title=2009 Grammy Awards – Complete Winners and Nominees |url= |publisher=Uproxx.com |date=February 8, 2009 |access-date=October 1, 2015 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170822014552/ |archive-date=August 22, 2017 |url-status=dead }}</ref> It was later adapted as a [[In the Heights (film)|2021 film]] of the same name.<ref>Gans, Andrew. [ “The First Trailer for Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ”In the Heights ”Movie, Starring Anthony Ramos, Is Here”] Playbill, December 12, 2019</ref> Miranda returned to Broadway in 2015, writing the script, music, and lyrics for as well as starring in the musical ”Hamilton”, which won near-universal acclaim from critics and audiences and became a [[popular culture]] phenomenon.<ref>{{cite news |last1=Boedeker |first1=Hal |title=””Hamilton”: PBS explores inspiring phenom |url= |work=[[Orlando Sentinel]] |date=October 15, 2016 |access-date=June 18, 2018 |archive-date=June 18, 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180618080124/ |url-status=dead }}</ref> ”Hamilton” won the [[Pulitzer Prize for Drama]] and was nominated for a record 16 [[Tony Awards]] and won 11, including Miranda’s first win for the [[Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical]]. The [[Hamilton (album)|”Hamilton” cast recording]] spent 10 weeks atop ”[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]]”{{‘}}s [[Rap Albums|Top Rap Albums]] chart and became the eleventh-biggest album of the 2010s.<ref>{{cite magazine|url= 200 : Page 1|magazine=Billboard|access-date=December 5, 2019}}</ref>

A frequent collaborator of [[the Walt Disney Company]], Miranda has written original songs for the studio. He gained two [[Academy Award for Best Original Song]] nominations for “[[How Far I’ll Go]]” and “[[Dos Oruguitas]]” from ”Moana” and ”Encanto”, respectively. The song “[[We Don’t Talk About Bruno]]” from ”Encanto” broke various records and marked Miranda’s first number-one song on the US [[Billboard Hot 100|”Billboard” Hot 100]] and the [[UK Singles Chart|UK Singles]] charts.<ref>{{Cite web|last=Wood|first=Mikael|date=2022-01-20|title=What do 8-year-olds and Nancy Pelosi have in common? Their favorite pop star is Lin-Manuel Miranda|url= Angeles Times]]}}</ref><ref>{{Cite magazine|last=Trust|first=Gary|date=2022-01-31|title=”We Talk About Bruno,” From ‘Encanto,’ Hits No. 2 on Billboard Hot 100|url= He starred as Jack in the musical fantasy ”[[Mary Poppins Returns]]” (2018), for which he was nominated for a [[Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy]]. For his performance in the [[Disney+]] [[Hamilton (2020 film)|live stage recording of ”Hamilton”]] released in 2020, he received Golden Globe and [[Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited or Anthology Series or Movie|Primetime Emmy Award]] nominations. Miranda debuted as a film director with ”[[Tick, Tick… Boom! (film)|Tick, Tick…Boom!]]” (2021).<ref>{{Cite web |date=2021-11-19 |title=”tick, tick…BOOM!” Director Lin-Manuel Miranda on Telling Jonathan Larson’s Story, Filming During the Pandemic, and More – ClickTheCity |url= |access-date=2022-06-08 |language=en-US}}</ref>

A frequent collaborator of [[the Walt Disney Company]], Miranda has written original songs for the studio. He gained two [[Academy Award for Best Original Song]] nominations for “[[How Far I’ll Go]]” and “[[Dos Oruguitas]]” from ”Moana” and ”Encanto”, respectively. The song “[[We Don’t Talk About Bruno]]” from ”Encanto” broke various records and marked Miranda’s first number-one song on the US [[Billboard Hot 100|”Billboard” Hot 100]] and the [[UK Singles Chart|UK Singles]] charts.<ref>{{Cite web|last=Wood|first=Mikael|date=2022-01-20|title=What do 8-year-olds and Nancy Pelosi have in common? Their favorite pop star is Lin-Manuel Miranda|url= Angeles Times]]}}</ref><ref>{{Cite magazine|last=Trust|first=Gary|date=2022-01-31|title=”We Talk About Bruno,” From ‘Encanto,’ Hits No. 2 on Billboard Hot 100|url= He starred as Jack in the musical fantasy ”[[Mary Poppins Returns]]” (2018), for which he was nominated for a [[Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy]]. For his performance in the [[Disney+]] [[Hamilton (2020 film)|live stage recording of ”Hamilton”]] released in 2020, he received Golden Globe and [[Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Limited or Anthology Series or Movie|Primetime Emmy Award]] nominations. Miranda debuted as a film director with ”[[Tick, Tick… Boom! (film)|Tick, Tick…Boom!]]” (2021).<ref>{{Cite web |date=2021-11-19 |title=”tick, tick…BOOM!” Director Lin-Manuel Miranda on Telling Jonathan Larson’s Story, Filming During the Pandemic, and More – ClickTheCity |url= |access-date=2022-06-08 |language=en-US}}</ref>

His television work includes recurring roles on ”[[The Electric Company (2009 TV series)|The Electric Company]]” (2009–2010) and ”[[His Dark Materials (TV series)|His Dark Materials]]” (2019–2022). Miranda hosted ”[[Saturday Night Live]]” in 2016 and had a guest role on ”[[Curb Your Enthusiasm]]” in 2018; he was nominated twice for the [[Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series]]. He has been politically active on behalf of [[Puerto Rico]].<ref name=”pbs11242017″ /> Miranda met with politicians in 2016 to speak out in favor of [[Puerto Rican government-debt crisis|debt relief for Puerto Rico]]<ref name=”pbs11242017″ /> and raised funds for rescue efforts and disaster relief after [[Hurricane Maria]] in 2017.<ref name=”wapo5312018″ />

His television work includes recurring roles on ”[[The Electric Company (2009 TV series)|The Electric Company]]” (2009–2010) and ”[[His Dark Materials (TV series)|His Dark Materials]]” (2019–2022). Miranda hosted ”[[Saturday Night Live]]” in 2016 and had a guest role on ”[[Curb Your Enthusiasm]]” in 2018; he was nominated twice for the [[Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series]]. He has been politically active on behalf of [[Puerto Rico]].<ref name=”pbs11242017″ /> Miranda met with politicians in 2016 to speak out in favor of [[Puerto Rican government-debt crisis|debt relief for Puerto Rico]]<ref name=”pbs11242017″ /> and raised funds for rescue efforts and disaster relief after [[Hurricane Maria]] in 2017.<ref name=”wapo5312018″ />

==Early life and education==

==Early life and education==

Miranda was born on January 16, 1980, in New York City to Dr. Luz Towns-Miranda, a clinical psychologist, and [[Luis A. Miranda Jr.|Luis Miranda Jr.]], a [[political consultant]].<ref name=biography.com/><ref name=”smithsonian”/> He is of predominately [[Puerto Ricans|Puerto Rican]] descent and also has distant Mexican, English, and African American ancestry.<ref>{{cite tweet |user=Lin_Manuel |number=1057318178294886400 |title=I’m Puerto Rican AND Mexican, friend:<br>I have family<br>*stretches arms*<br>E V E R Y W H E R E |date=October 30, 2018 |access-date=2020-07-31}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Revolutionary Ancestors |author=Megan Smolenyak |date=June 27, 2016 }}</ref><ref>{{Cite news |last=Smith |first=David |date=2016-07-01 |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ancestry is as multifaceted as Hamilton |language=en-GB |work=The Guardian |url= |access-date=2023-02-07 |issn=0261-3077}}</ref> His parents named him “Lin-Manuel” after a poem about the [[Vietnam War]] by Puerto Rican writer José Manuel Torres Santiago entitled “{{lang|es|Nana roja para mi hijo Lin Manuel}}” (“Red Lullaby for My Son Lin Manuel”).<!–In Spanish we don’t use title case–><ref name=”RebeccaMead”>{{cite magazine|url= About the Hamiltons|first=Rebecca|last=Mead|date= February 9, 2015 |magazine=The New Yorker |access-date=June 13, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Miranda |first1=Lin-Manuel |title=Gmorning. The story of my name, w a dedication from Jose Manuel Torres Santiago, the poet who inspired it. |url= |website=Twitter |access-date=3 March 2016}}</ref> Miranda grew up in the [[Inwood, Manhattan|Inwood]] neighborhood of [[Manhattan]] and was raised as a [[Catholic Church|Catholic]].<ref name=biography.com/><ref>{{Cite news|url= the Scenes With Lin-Manuel Miranda and Family on Tonys Night|last=Rosman|first=Katherine|date=June 16, 2016|work=The New York Times|issn=0362-4331|access-date=December 15, 2016}}</ref><ref name=”GuardianAncestry”>{{Cite news|url=|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ancestry is as multifaceted as Hamilton|last=Smith|first=David|date= July 1, 2016|newspaper=[[The Guardian]]|location=UK|language=en-GB|issn=0261-3077|access-date=December 25, 2016| archive-date=October 7, 2017|archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20171007022853/| url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|last=Ryzik|first=Melena|url= Before Broadway|date=March 14, 2008|work=The New York Times|access-date=April 7, 2020|language=en-US|issn=0362-4331}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |date=2016-07-05 |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Has Hilariously Honest Questions For Jesus |url= |access-date=2023-02-07 |website=HuffPost |language=en}}</ref> During childhood and his teens, Miranda spent at least one month each year with his grandparents in [[Vega Alta, Puerto Rico|Vega Alta]], Puerto Rico.<ref>{{cite web|url= Miranda Takes In the Heights to Puerto Rico|last=Jones|first=Kenneth|date=November 24, 2010|work=Playbill|access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref name=”conc”>{{cite web|url= Miranda: Scaling the Heights|last=Miranda|first=Lin-Manuel|publisher=Broadway.com|date=January 9, 2007|access-date=February 21, 2015}}</ref> Miranda has one older sister, Luz, who is the Chief Financial Officer of the MirRam Group, a strategic consulting firm in Government and Communications.<ref name=thenewyorker>{{Cite magazine|url= About the Hamiltons|last=Mead|first=Rebecca|date=February 9, 2015|magazine=[[The New Yorker]]|issn=0028-792X|access-date=December 25, 2016|archive-date=September 30, 2017|archive-url= |quote=The composer of ‘In the Heights’ grew up not in Washington Heights but thirty blocks farther uptown, across from Inwood Hill Park…}}</ref>

Miranda was born on January 16, 1980, in New York City to Dr. Luz Towns-Miranda, a clinical psychologist, and [[Luis A. Miranda Jr.|Luis Miranda Jr.]], a [[political consultant]].<ref name=biography.com/><ref name=”smithsonian”/> He is of predominately [[Puerto Ricans|Puerto Rican]] descent and also has distant Mexican, English, and African American ancestry.<ref>{{cite tweet |user=Lin_Manuel |number=1057318178294886400 |title=I’m Puerto Rican AND Mexican, friend:<br>I have family<br>*stretches arms*<br>E V E R Y W H E R E |date=October 30, 2018 |access-date=2020-07-31}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Revolutionary Ancestors |author=Megan Smolenyak |date=June 27, 2016 }}</ref><ref>{{Cite news |last=Smith |first=David |date=2016-07-01 |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ancestry is as multifaceted as Hamilton |language=en-GB |work=The Guardian |url= |access-date=2023-02-07 |issn=0261-3077}}</ref> His parents named him “Lin-Manuel” after a poem about the [[Vietnam War]] by Puerto Rican writer José Manuel Torres Santiago entitled “{{lang|es|Nana roja para mi hijo Lin Manuel}}” (“Red Lullaby for My Son Lin Manuel”).<!–In Spanish we don’t use title case–><ref name=”RebeccaMead”>{{cite magazine|url= About the Hamiltons|first=Rebecca|last=Mead|date= February 9, 2015 |magazine=The New Yorker |access-date=June 13, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |last1=Miranda |first1=Lin-Manuel |title=Gmorning. The story of my name, a dedication from Jose Manuel Torres Santiago, the poet who inspired it. |url= |website=Twitter |access-date=3 March 2016}}</ref> Miranda grew up in the [[Inwood, Manhattan|Inwood]] neighborhood of [[Manhattan]] and was raised as a [[Catholic Church|Catholic]].<ref name=biography.com/><ref>{{Cite news|url= the Scenes With Lin-Manuel Miranda and Family on Tonys Night|last=Rosman|first=Katherine|date=June 16, 2016|work=The New York Times|issn=0362-4331|access-date=December 15, 2016}}</ref><ref name=”GuardianAncestry”>{{Cite news|url=|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ancestry is as multifaceted as Hamilton|last=Smith|first=David|date= July 1, 2016|newspaper=[[The Guardian]]|location=UK|language=en-GB|issn=0261-3077|access-date=December 25, 2016| archive-date=October 7, 2017|archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20171007022853/| url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|last=Ryzik|first=Melena|url= Before Broadway|date=March 14, 2008|work=The New York Times|access-date=April 7, 2020|language=en-US|issn=0362-4331}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web |date=2016-07-05 |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Has Hilariously Honest Questions For Jesus |url= |access-date=2023-02-07 |website=HuffPost |language=en}}</ref> During childhood and his teens, Miranda spent at least one month each year with his grandparents in [[Vega Alta, Puerto Rico|Vega Alta]], Puerto Rico.<ref>{{cite web|url= Miranda Takes In the Heights to Puerto Rico|last=Jones|first=Kenneth|date=November 24, 2010|work=Playbill|access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref name=”conc”>{{cite web|url= Miranda: Scaling the Heights|last=Miranda|first=Lin-Manuel|publisher=Broadway.com|date=January 9, 2007|access-date=February 21, 2015}}</ref> Miranda has one older sister, Luz, who is the Chief Financial Officer of the MirRam Group, a strategic consulting firm in Government and Communications.<ref name=thenewyorker>{{Cite magazine|url= About the Hamiltons|last=Mead|first=Rebecca|date=February 9, 2015|magazine=[[The New Yorker]]|issn=0028-792X|access-date=December 25, 2016|archive-date=September 30, 2017|archive-url= |quote=The composer of ‘In the Heights’ grew up not in Washington Heights but thirty blocks farther uptown, across from Inwood Hill Park…}}</ref>

Miranda attended [[Hunter College Elementary School]] and [[Hunter College High School]].<ref>{{cite web|last1=Hensley|first1=Nicole|title=”Hamilton” star honors NYC teacher by singing MLK tribute with Hunter College Elementary School alumni|url= News (New York)|Daily News]]|location=New York City |date=January 18, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> Among his classmates was [[Chris Hayes]], now a journalist. He was Miranda’s first director when Miranda starred in a school play, described by Hayes as “a 20-minute musical that featured a maniacal fetal pig in a nightmare that [Miranda] had cut up in biology class”.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Which MSNBC Host Directed Lin-Manuel Miranda in His First Musical? |last=Gans |first=Andrew |date=September 21, 2017 |website=[[playbill.com]]|access-date=November 16, 2018}}</ref> His classmates also included [[Immortal Technique]], a rapper who had bullied Miranda, although the two later became friends.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Immortal Technique Sends Love to Lin-Manuel Miranda After Bullying Story |last=Ivey |first=Justin |date=November 18, 2016 |website=[[XXL (magazine)|XXL]]|access-date=November 16, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Immortal Technique Threw Lin-Manuel Miranda in the Garbage When They Were in High School |last=Cush |first=Andy |date=November 15, 2016 |website=[[spin.com]] |access-date=November 16, 2018}}</ref> Miranda began writing musicals at school.<ref name=”:0″>{{cite web|url= Manuel|website=Employee Of The Month|language=en-US|access-date=November 14, 2019|archive-date=December 5, 2019|archive-url=

Miranda attended [[Hunter College Elementary School]] and [[Hunter College High School]].<ref>{{cite web|last1=Hensley|first1=Nicole|title=”Hamilton” star honors NYC teacher by singing MLK tribute with Hunter College Elementary School alumni|url= News (New York)|Daily News]]|location=New York City |date=January 18, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> Among his classmates was [[Chris Hayes]], now a journalist. He was Miranda’s first director when Miranda starred in a school play, described by Hayes as “a 20-minute musical that featured a maniacal fetal pig in a nightmare that [Miranda] had cut up in biology class”.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Which MSNBC Host Directed Lin-Manuel Miranda in His First Musical? |last=Gans |first=Andrew |date=September 21, 2017 |website=[[playbill.com]]|access-date=November 16, 2018}}</ref> His classmates also included [[Immortal Technique]], a rapper who had bullied Miranda, although the two later became friends.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Immortal Technique Sends Love to Lin-Manuel Miranda After Bullying Story |last=Ivey |first=Justin |date=November 18, 2016 |website=[[XXL (magazine)|XXL]]|access-date=November 16, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url= |title=Immortal Technique Threw Lin-Manuel Miranda in the Garbage When They Were in High School |last=Cush |first=Andy |date=November 15, 2016 |website=[[spin.com]] |access-date=November 16, 2018}}</ref> Miranda began writing musicals at school.<ref name=”:0″>{{cite web|url= Manuel|website=Employee Of The Month|language=en-US|access-date=November 14, 2019|archive-date=December 5, 2019|archive-url=

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[[File:Lin-Manuel Miranda in Hamilton.jpg|thumb|Miranda in ”Hamilton”, 2016]]

[[File:Lin-Manuel Miranda in Hamilton.jpg|thumb|Miranda in ”Hamilton”, 2016]]

While on a vacation in 2008, Lin-Manuel Miranda read [[Ron Chernow]]’s [[Alexander Hamilton (book)|biography]] of [[Alexander Hamilton]]. Inspired by the book, he wrote a rap about Hamilton that he performed for the White House Evening of Poetry, Music, and the Spoken Word on May 12, 2009, accompanied by [[Alex Lacamoire]]. Miranda later said he spent a year writing the ”Hamilton” song “[[My Shot]]”, revising it countless times so that every verse might reflect Alexander Hamilton’s intellect.<ref>{{cite web|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Performs at the White House Poetry Jam: 8 of 8|url= 11, 2015|archive-url= 1, 2018|date=May 12, 2009|via=[[NARA|National Archives]]|work=[[whitehouse.gov]]|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name=”RebeccaMead” /> By 2012, Miranda was performing an extended set of pieces based on the life of Hamilton, which he referred to as the ”Hamilton Mixtape.” ”The New York Times” called it “an obvious game changer”.<ref>{{Cite news |first = Stephen |last = Holden |title = Putting the Hip-Hop in History as Founding Fathers Rap |url = |work = The New York Times |date = January 12, 2012 |access-date=September 25, 2015}}</ref>

While on vacation in 2008, Lin-Manuel Miranda read [[Ron Chernow]]’s [[Alexander Hamilton (book)|biography]] of [[Alexander Hamilton]]. Inspired by the book, he wrote a rap about Hamilton that he performed for the White House Evening of Poetry, Music, and the Spoken Word on May 12, 2009, accompanied by [[Alex Lacamoire]]. Miranda later said he spent a year writing the ”Hamilton” song “[[My Shot]]”, revising it countless times so that every verse might reflect Alexander Hamilton’s intellect.<ref>{{cite web|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Performs at the White House Poetry Jam: 8 of 8|url= 11, 2015|archive-url= 1, 2018|date=May 12, 2009|via=[[NARA|National Archives]]|work=[[whitehouse.gov]]|url-status=live}}</ref><ref name=”RebeccaMead” /> By 2012, Miranda was performing an extended set of pieces based on the life of Hamilton, which he referred to as the ”Hamilton Mixtape.” ”The New York Times” called it “an obvious game changer”.<ref>{{Cite news |first = Stephen |last = Holden |title = Putting the Hip-Hop in History as Founding Fathers Rap |url = |work = The New York Times |date = January 12, 2012 |access-date=September 25, 2015}}</ref>

”[[Hamilton (musical)|Hamilton: An American Musical]]” premiered off-Broadway at [[The Public Theater]] in January 2015, directed by Thomas Kail. Miranda wrote the book and score and starred as the title character.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Healy|first1=Patrick|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ”Hamilton” Heading to Public Theater|url= New York Times |date=March 6, 2014 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Hamilton Starts Previews Off-Broadway|url= |date=January 20, 2015 |access-date=January 22, 2015}}</ref> The show received highly positive reviews,<ref>{{cite news|last1=Stasio|first1=Marilyn|title=Off Broadway Review: ‘Hamilton’ by Lin-Manuel Miranda|url= |work=Variety |date=February 17, 2015 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> and its engagement was sold out.<ref>{{cite news| last=Gioia|first= Michael|url= |title=History in the Making – Revolutionary Musical ‘Hamilton’ Opens on Broadway Tonight|work=Playbill|date= August 6, 2015|access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> Chernow and Miranda received the 2015 History Makers Award from the [[New York Historical Society]] for their work in creating the musical.<ref>{{cite web|title=Ron Chernow and Lin-Manuel Miranda to Be Honored by New-York Historical Society|url= 29, 2015|access-date=November 10, 2015}}</ref> The show began previews on Broadway in July 2015 at the [[Richard Rodgers Theatre]] and officially opened on August 6, 2015,<ref>{{cite web|last1=Gioia|first1=Michael|title=Revolutionaries, Turn Up! Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ‘Hamilton’ Will Head To Broadway This Summer|url= |date=February 24, 2015 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> earning positive reviews.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Brantley|first1=Ben|title=Review: ‘Hamilton,’ Young Rebels Changing History and Theater|url= |work=The New York Times |date= August 6, 2015 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> On the first night of ”Hamilton” previews, over 700 people lined up for lottery tickets.<ref>{{cite news|url= |title=Hundreds Mob the First ”Hamilton” Lottery — See Which Broadway Star Won! |work=Playbill| first=Michael|last=Gioia|date=July 14, 2015|access-date=November 8, 2017 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171109023419/ |archive-date=Nov 9, 2017}}</ref> The ”Hamilton” ticket lottery evolved into [[Ham4Ham]], a series of outdoor mini-performances for lottery participants that was hosted daily by Miranda and cast members for over a year, until August 31, 2016.<ref>{{cite web |title=””Hamilton” Hosts Final Live #Ham4Ham Concert Recently |first=Robert |last=Viagas |date=August 31, 2016 |work=Playbill |url= |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160901152022/ |archive-date=September 1, 2016}}</ref>

”[[Hamilton (musical)|Hamilton: An American Musical]]” premiered off-Broadway at [[The Public Theater]] in January 2015, directed by Thomas Kail. Miranda wrote the book and score and starred as the title character.<ref>{{cite web|last1=Healy|first1=Patrick|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ”Hamilton” Heading to Public Theater|url= New York Times |date=March 6, 2014 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Hamilton Starts Previews Off-Broadway|url= |date=January 20, 2015 |access-date=January 22, 2015}}</ref> The show received highly positive reviews,<ref>{{cite news|last1=Stasio|first1=Marilyn|title=Off Broadway Review: ‘Hamilton’ by Lin-Manuel Miranda|url= |work=Variety |date=February 17, 2015 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> and its engagement was sold out.<ref>{{cite news| last=Gioia|first= Michael|url= |title=History in the Making – Revolutionary Musical ‘Hamilton’ Opens on Broadway Tonight|work=Playbill|date= August 6, 2015|access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> Chernow and Miranda received the 2015 History Makers Award from the [[New York Historical Society]] for their work in creating the musical.<ref>{{cite web|title=Ron Chernow and Lin-Manuel Miranda to Be Honored by New-York Historical Society|url= 29, 2015|access-date=November 10, 2015}}</ref> The show began previews on Broadway in July 2015 at the [[Richard Rodgers Theatre]] and officially opened on August 6, 2015,<ref>{{cite web|last1=Gioia|first1=Michael|title=Revolutionaries, Turn Up! Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ‘Hamilton’ Will Head To Broadway This Summer|url= |date=February 24, 2015 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> earning positive reviews.<ref>{{cite news|last1=Brantley|first1=Ben|title=Review: ‘Hamilton,’ Young Rebels Changing History and Theater|url= |work=The New York Times |date= August 6, 2015 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> On the first night of ”Hamilton” previews, over 700 people lined up for lottery tickets.<ref>{{cite news|url= |title=Hundreds Mob the First ”Hamilton” Lottery — See Which Broadway Star Won! |work=Playbill| first=Michael|last=Gioia|date=July 14, 2015|access-date=November 8, 2017 |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171109023419/ |archive-date=Nov 9, 2017}}</ref> The ”Hamilton” ticket lottery evolved into [[Ham4Ham]], a series of outdoor mini-performances for lottery participants that was hosted daily by Miranda and cast members for over a year, until August 31, 2016.<ref>{{cite web |title=””Hamilton” Hosts Final Live #Ham4Ham Concert Recently |first=Robert |last=Viagas |date=August 31, 2016 |work=Playbill |url= |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160901152022/ |archive-date=September 1, 2016}}</ref>

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====2015–present: Disney projects====

====2015–present: Disney projects====

Miranda interviewed with [[The Walt Disney Company|Disney]] in the winter of 2013, and submitted a six-song demo package to [[Walt Disney Animation Studios]].<ref name=”Buckley”/> This began a series of collaborations with the company:

Miranda interviewed with [[The Walt Disney Company|Disney]] in the winter of 2013 submitted a six-song demo package to [[Walt Disney Animation Studios]].<ref name=”Buckley”/> This began a series of collaborations with the company:

* ”[[Moana (2016 film)|Moana]]” – In spring 2014, the studio hired Miranda to help write and perform music for ”Moana”, its 2016 animated feature film.<ref name=”Buckley”>{{cite news|last=Buckley|first=Cara|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Was Talking to Meryl Streep the Other Day| url= |work=The New York Times |date=February 17, 2017 |access-date=February 21, 2017}}</ref><ref name=”Breznican”>{{cite magazine|last1=Breznican|first1=Anthony|last2=Smith| first2=C. Molly| title=Moana at D23: The Rock gets emotional at Disney fan event|url= |magazine=Entertainment Weekly |date=August 14, 2015 |access-date=February 21, 2017}}</ref> From 2014 to 2016, Miranda collaborated with [[Opetaia Foa’i]] and [[Mark Mancina]] on the songs for ”Moana”.<ref>{{cite magazine |last=Newman |first=Melinda |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda, Mark Mancina & Opetaia Foa’i on Creating Disney’s ”Moana” Music as ”Hamilton” Exploded |url= |magazine=[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]] |date=November 23, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> He later explained that because he was so busy with ”Moana” and ”Hamilton”, he turned down other projects “that might have distracted” him, but this served as an “ego check” as ”Hamilton” became a hit.<ref name=”Buckley” /> ”Moana” opened in November 2016 and was a box office hit, earning positive reviews and praise from critics for Miranda’s songwriting.<ref>{{cite web |last=Stewart |first=Sara |title=””Moana” has some of Disney’s best music ever |url= |work=New York Post |date=November 22, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |last=Phillips |first=Michael |title=””Moana” review: With songs from Lin-Manuel Miranda, Dwayne Johnson sails into another Disney hit |url= |work=Chicago Tribune |date=November 22, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite magazine |last=Travers |first=Peter |title=””Moana” Review: Disney’s Animated Polynesian Musical Is a Feminist Delight |url= |magazine=Rolling Stone |date=November 23, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> Miranda also sang the song “We Know the Way” in the film, and recorded a duet with [[Jordan Fisher]] of the song “You’re Welcome”, which was played over the film’s end credits.<ref>{{cite web |last=Singh |first=Olivia |title=Alessia Cara and Jordan Fisher Will Be Featured in This Disney Movie Soundtrack |url= |work=[[Tiger Beat]] |date=October 29, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> For the song “[[How Far I’ll Go]]”, Miranda received [[Golden Globe Award|Golden Globe]], [[Critics’ Choice Movie Awards|Critics’ Choice]], [[Academy Awards|Oscar]], and [[Grammy Award]] nominations.<ref>{{cite web |title=Golden Globes 2017: Complete Winners List |url= |work=The Hollywood Reporter |date=January 8, 2017 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite magazine |last=Coggan |first=Devan |title=Critics’ Choice Awards 2017 nominees announced |url= |magazine=Entertainment Weekly |date=December 1, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Oscar Nominations: Complete List |url= |work=Variety |date=January 24, 2017 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite magazine |last=Lynch |first=Joe |title=Grammys 2018: See the Complete List of Nominees |url= |magazine=Billboard |date=November 28, 2017 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref>

* ”[[Moana (2016 film)|Moana]]” – In spring 2014, the studio hired Miranda to help write and perform music for ”Moana”, its 2016 animated feature film.<ref name=”Buckley”>{{cite news|last=Buckley|first=Cara|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Was Talking to Meryl Streep the Other Day| url= |work=The New York Times |date=February 17, 2017 |access-date=February 21, 2017}}</ref><ref name=”Breznican”>{{cite magazine|last1=Breznican|first1=Anthony|last2=Smith| first2=C. Molly| title=Moana at D23: The Rock gets emotional at Disney fan event|url= |magazine=Entertainment Weekly |date=August 14, 2015 |access-date=February 21, 2017}}</ref> From 2014 to 2016, Miranda collaborated with [[Opetaia Foa’i]] and [[Mark Mancina]] on the songs for ”Moana”.<ref>{{cite magazine |last=Newman |first=Melinda |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda, Mark Mancina & Opetaia Foa’i on Creating Disney’s ”Moana” Music as ”Hamilton” Exploded |url= |magazine=[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]] |date=November 23, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> He later explained that because he was so busy with ”Moana” and ”Hamilton”, he turned down other projects “that might have distracted” him, but this served as an “ego check” as ”Hamilton” became a hit.<ref name=”Buckley” /> ”Moana” opened in November 2016 and was a box office hit, earning positive reviews and praise from critics for Miranda’s songwriting.<ref>{{cite web |last=Stewart |first=Sara |title=””Moana” has some of Disney’s best music ever |url= |work=New York Post |date=November 22, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |last=Phillips |first=Michael |title=””Moana” review: With songs from Lin-Manuel Miranda, Dwayne Johnson sails into another Disney hit |url= |work=Chicago Tribune |date=November 22, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite magazine |last=Travers |first=Peter |title=””Moana” Review: Disney’s Animated Polynesian Musical Is a Feminist Delight |url= |magazine=Rolling Stone |date=November 23, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> Miranda also sang the song “We Know the Way” in the film, and recorded a duet with [[Jordan Fisher]] of the song “You’re Welcome”, which was played over the film’s end credits.<ref>{{cite web |last=Singh |first=Olivia |title=Alessia Cara and Jordan Fisher Will Be Featured in This Disney Movie Soundtrack |url= |work=[[Tiger Beat]] |date=October 29, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref> For the song “[[How Far I’ll Go]]”, Miranda received [[Golden Globe Award|Golden Globe]], [[Critics’ Choice Movie Awards|Critics’ Choice]], [[Academy Awards|Oscar]], and [[Grammy Award]] nominations.<ref>{{cite web |title=Golden Globes 2017: Complete Winners List |url= |work=The Hollywood Reporter |date=January 8, 2017 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite magazine |last=Coggan |first=Devan |title=Critics’ Choice Awards 2017 nominees announced |url= |magazine=Entertainment Weekly |date=December 1, 2016 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=Oscar Nominations: Complete List |url= |work=Variety |date=January 24, 2017 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite magazine |last=Lynch |first=Joe |title=Grammys 2018: See the Complete List of Nominees |url= |magazine=Billboard |date=November 28, 2017 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref>

* ”[[Star Wars: The Force Awakens]]” – While working on ”Hamilton”, Miranda contributed music for the Disney-distributed film ”Star Wars: The Force Awakens” (2015), writing a song for the scene in [[Maz Kanata]]’s cantina, an homage to the classic [[Mos Eisley]] Cantina scene and song by [[Figrin D’an and the Modal Nodes]].<ref>{{cite magazine|last1=Kreps|first1=Daniel|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Talks ‘Joyous’ ‘Star Wars’ Cantina Music|url= Stone |date=December 7, 2015 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref>

* ”[[Star Wars: The Force Awakens]]” – While working on ”Hamilton”, Miranda contributed music for the Disney-distributed film ”Star Wars: The Force Awakens” (2015), writing a song for the scene in [[Maz Kanata]]’s cantina, an homage to the classic [[Mos Eisley]] Cantina scene and song by [[Figrin D’an and the Modal Nodes]].<ref>{{cite magazine|last1=Kreps|first1=Daniel|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Talks ‘Joyous’ ‘Star Wars’ Cantina Music|url= Stone |date=December 7, 2015 |access-date=January 12, 2018}}</ref>

* [[DuckTales (2017 TV series)|”DuckTales”]] – Miranda debuted in May 2018 as the voice of Fenton “Gizmoduck” Crackshell-Cabrera in [[Disney Channel]]’s 2017 reboot of ”[[DuckTales]]”, and made recurring appearances throughout the show’s run.<ref>{{cite web |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda ”DuckTales” Debut Sets Date, Highlights New ‘Duck Week’ |first=Greg |last=Evans |date=April 13, 2018 |work=Deadline: Hollywood |url= |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180720151000/ |archive-date=July 20, 2018 }}</ref>

* [[DuckTales (2017 TV series)|”DuckTales”]] – Miranda debuted in May 2018 as the voice of Fenton “Gizmoduck” Crackshell-Cabrera in [[Disney Channel]]’s 2017 reboot of ”[[DuckTales]]”, and made recurring appearances throughout the show’s run.<ref>{{cite web |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda ”DuckTales” Debut Sets Date, Highlights New ‘Duck Week’ |first=Greg |last=Evans |date=April 13, 2018 |work=Deadline: Hollywood |url= |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180720151000/ |archive-date=July 20, 2018 }}</ref>

* ”[[Mary Poppins Returns]]” – Miranda plays Jack, a lamplighter and former apprentice to Bert, the chimney sweep played by [[Dick Van Dyke]] in the original 1964 film [[Mary Poppins (film)|”Mary Poppins”]]. This was his first major role after leaving the Broadway cast of ”Hamilton”. Miranda traveled to London in 2017 for the film,<ref name=”Buckley”/><ref name=EW-Der/> directed by [[Rob Marshall]], which was released in December 2018.<ref name=EW-Der>{{cite magazine |url= |title=””Mary Poppins Returns”, with Emily Blunt & Lin-Manuel Miranda, gets release date |last=Derschowitz |first=Jessica |date=May 31, 2016 |magazine=Entertainment Weekly |access-date=June 10, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= Jones 5″ Shifts To 2021, ‘Mary Poppins Returns’ Moves Up A Week & More: Disney Release-Date Moves|first=Anthony|last=D’Alessandro|work=Deadline|date=July 10, 2018|access-date=July 10, 2018}}</ref>

* ”[[Mary Poppins Returns]]” – Miranda plays Jack, a lamplighter and former apprentice to Bert, the chimney sweep played by [[Dick Van Dyke]] in the original 1964 film [[Mary Poppins (film)|”Mary Poppins”]]. This was his first major role after leaving the Broadway cast of ”Hamilton”. Miranda traveled to London in 2017 for the film,<ref name=”Buckley”/><ref name=EW-Der/> directed by [[Rob Marshall]], which was released in December 2018.<ref name=EW-Der>{{cite magazine |url= |title=””Mary Poppins Returns”, with Emily Blunt & Lin-Manuel Miranda, gets release date |last=Derschowitz |first=Jessica |date=May 31, 2016 |magazine=Entertainment Weekly |access-date=June 10, 2016}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= Jones 5″ Shifts To 2021, ‘Mary Poppins Returns’ Moves Up A Week & More: Disney Release-Date Moves|first=Anthony|last=D’Alessandro|work=Deadline|date=July 10, 2018|access-date=July 10, 2018}}</ref>

* ”[[Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker]]” – Following his work on ”The Force Awakens”, Miranda contributed music for the Disney-distributed film ”Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker” (2019), writing a song for the scene on the desert planet Pasaana, in addition to making a cameo appearance as a Resistance trooper.<ref>{{cite magazine |last1=Mamo |first1=Heran |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Contributed to ‘Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker’ in More Ways than One |url= |magazine=[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]] |date=December 20, 2019 |access-date=December 22, 2019}}</ref>

* ”[[Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker]]” – Following his work on ”The Force Awakens”, Miranda contributed music for the Disney-distributed film ”Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker” (2019), writing a song for the scene on the desert planet , in addition to making a cameo appearance as a Resistance trooper.<ref>{{cite magazine |last1=Mamo |first1=Heran |title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Contributed to ‘Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker’ in More Ways than One |url= |magazine=[[Billboard (magazine)|Billboard]] |date=December 20, 2019 |access-date=December 22, 2019}}</ref>

* The [[Hamilton (2020 film)|live stage recording]] of the original Broadway production of ”Hamilton” was acquired by [[Walt Disney Pictures]] and released on [[Disney+]] on July 3, 2020.<ref>{{Cite news|last=Rubin|first=Rebecca|date=February 3, 2020|title=”Hamilton” Movie With Original Broadway Cast Coming to Theaters|work=Variety|url= 28, 2020|archive-url= 3, 2020}}</ref><ref name=”deadline-1″>{{cite web|last1=Fleming|first1=Mike Jr.|date=February 3, 2020|title=Disney Paid $75 Million For Worldwide Movie Rights To Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ‘Hamilton’; Biggest Film Acquisition Deal Ever?|url= 3, 2020|access-date=February 3, 2020|website=[[Deadline Hollywood]]|language=en}}</ref>

* The [[Hamilton (2020 film)|live stage recording]] of the original Broadway production of ”Hamilton” was acquired by [[Walt Disney Pictures]] and released on [[Disney+]] on July 3, 2020.<ref>{{Cite news|last=Rubin|first=Rebecca|date=February 3, 2020|title=”Hamilton” Movie With Original Broadway Cast Coming to Theaters|work=Variety|url= 28, 2020|archive-url= 3, 2020}}</ref><ref name=”deadline-1″>{{cite web|last1=Fleming|first1=Mike Jr.|date=February 3, 2020|title=Disney Paid $75 Million For Worldwide Movie Rights To Lin-Manuel Miranda’s ‘Hamilton’; Biggest Film Acquisition Deal Ever?|url= 3, 2020|access-date=February 3, 2020|website=[[Deadline Hollywood]]|language=en}}</ref>

* ”[[Encanto]]” – Miranda collaborated again with Walt Disney Animation Studios on a computer-animated musical titled ”Encanto” directed by [[Jared Bush]] and [[Byron Howard]], with Charise Castro Smith co-directing. The film was released on November 24, 2021.<ref>{{Cite web|last=Evans|first=Greg|date=June 22, 2020|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Confirms New Disney Animated Movie Set In Colombia|url= |language=en |access-date=June 28, 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= Encanto, Featuring Songs by Lin-Manuel Miranda, to Hit Theaters in November|first=Lindsey|last=Sullivan|website=[[John Gore Organization|Broadway.com]]|date=March 24, 2021|access-date=April 19, 2021}}</ref> The soundtrack was a success; the song “[[We Don’t Talk About Bruno]]” rose to number one on the US [[Billboard Hot 100|”Billboard” Hot 100]], and Miranda received an [[Academy Award for Best Original Song]] nomination for the song “[[Dos Oruguitas]]”.

* ”[[Encanto]]” – Miranda collaborated again with Walt Disney Animation Studios on a computer-animated musical titled ”Encanto” directed by [[Jared Bush]] and [[Byron Howard]], with Charise Castro Smith co-directing. The film was released on November 24, 2021.<ref>{{Cite web|last=Evans|first=Greg|date=June 22, 2020|title=Lin-Manuel Miranda Confirms New Disney Animated Movie Set In Colombia|url= |language=en |access-date=June 28, 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url= Encanto, Featuring Songs by Lin-Manuel Miranda, to Hit Theaters in November|first=Lindsey|last=Sullivan|website=[[John Gore Organization|Broadway.com]]|date=March 24, 2021|access-date=April 19, 2021}}</ref> The soundtrack was a success; the song “[[We Don’t Talk About Bruno]]” rose to number one on the US [[Billboard Hot 100|”Billboard” Hot 100]], and Miranda received an [[Academy Award for Best Original Song]] nomination for the song “[[Dos Oruguitas]]”.

American songwriter, actor, and librettist (born 1980)

Lin-Manuel Miranda

Miranda in 2019

Born (1980-01-16) January 16, 1980 (age 44)

New York City, United States.

Education Wesleyan University (BA)
Occupations
  • Songwriter
  • actor
  • singer
  • filmmaker
  • rapper
  • librettist
Years active 2002–present
Spouse

Vanessa Nadal

(m. 2010)

Children 2
Parents
Awards Full list
Website www.linmanuel.com

Lin-Manuel Miranda (; born January 16, 1980)[1] is an American songwriter, actor, singer, filmmaker, rapper and librettist. He created the Broadway musicals In the Heights (2005) and Hamilton (2015), and the soundtracks for the animated films Moana (2016), Vivo, and Encanto (both 2021). He has received numerous accolades including three Tony Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards, and five Grammy Awards, along with nominations for two Academy Awards.

Miranda made his Broadway debut in 2008, writing the music and lyrics for and starring in the musical In the Heights, which won the Tony Awards for Best Musical and Best Original Score[2] and the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album.[3] It was later adapted as a 2021 film of the same name.[4] Miranda returned to Broadway in 2015, writing the script, music, and lyrics for as well as starring in the musical Hamilton, which won near-universal acclaim from critics and audiences and became a popular culture phenomenon.[5] Hamilton won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama and was nominated for a record 16 Tony Awards and won 11, including Miranda’s first win for the Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical. The Hamilton cast recording spent 10 weeks atop Billboards Top Rap Albums chart and became the eleventh-biggest album of the 2010s.[6]

A frequent collaborator of the Walt Disney Company, Miranda has written original songs for the studio. He gained two Academy Award for Best Original Song nominations for “How Far I’ll Go” and “Dos Oruguitas” from Moana and Encanto, respectively. The song “We Don’t Talk About Bruno” from Encanto broke various records and marked Miranda’s first number-one song on the US Billboard Hot 100 and the UK Singles charts.[7][8] He starred as Jack in the musical fantasy Mary Poppins Returns (2018), for which he was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. For his performance in the Disney+ live stage recording of Hamilton released in 2020, he received a Golden Globe and Primetime Emmy Award nominations. Miranda debuted as a film director with Tick, Tick…Boom! (2021).[9]

His television work includes recurring roles on The Electric Company (2009–2010) and His Dark Materials (2019–2022). Miranda hosted Saturday Night Live in 2016 and had a guest role on Curb Your Enthusiasm in 2018; he was nominated twice for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series. He has been politically active on behalf of Puerto Rico.[10] Miranda met with politicians in 2016 to speak out in favor of debt relief for Puerto Rico[10] and raised funds for rescue efforts and disaster relief after Hurricane Maria in 2017.[11]

Early life and education[edit]

Miranda was born on January 16, 1980, in New York City to Dr. Luz Towns-Miranda, a clinical psychologist, and Luis Miranda Jr., a political consultant.[1][12] He is of predominately Puerto Rican descent and also has distant Mexican, English, and African American ancestry.[13][14][15] His parents named him “Lin-Manuel” after a poem about the Vietnam War by Puerto Rican writer José Manuel Torres Santiago entitled “Nana roja para mi hijo Lin Manuel” (“Red Lullaby for My Son Lin Manuel”).[16][17] Miranda grew up in the Inwood neighborhood of Manhattan and was raised as a Catholic.[1][18][19][20][21] During childhood and his teens, Miranda spent at least one month each year with his grandparents in Vega Alta, Puerto Rico.[22][23] Miranda has one older sister, Luz, who is the Chief Financial Officer of the MirRam Group, a strategic consulting firm in Government and Communications.[24]

Miranda attended Hunter College Elementary School and Hunter College High School.[25] Among his classmates was Chris Hayes, now a journalist. He was Miranda’s first director when Miranda starred in a school play, described by Hayes as “a 20-minute musical that featured a maniacal fetal pig in a nightmare that [Miranda] had cut up in biology class”.[26] His classmates also included Immortal Technique, a rapper who had bullied Miranda, although the two later became friends.[27][28] Miranda began writing musicals at school.[29]

Miranda wrote the earliest draft of what might become his first Broadway musical, In the Heights, in 1999, during his sophomore year of college at Wesleyan University.[29] After the show was accepted by Wesleyan’s student theater company, Second Stage, Miranda added freestyle rap and salsa numbers, and the show was premiered there in 1999.[23] Miranda wrote and directed several other musicals at Wesleyan and acted in several other productions, ranging from musicals to William Shakespeare. He graduated from Wesleyan in 2002.[23][30]

Theatre[edit]

2002–2010: In the Heights[edit]

In 2002, Miranda and John Buffalo Mailer worked with director Thomas Kail to revise In the Heights.[23][12][29] Playwright Quiara Alegría Hudes joined the team in 2004.[31][29] After premiering in Connecticut in 2005 and opening at the 37 Arts Theater off-Broadway in 2007, the musical went to Broadway, opening in March 2008.[23]

It was nominated for 13 Tony Awards, winning four, including Best Musical and Best Original Score.[2][29] It also won the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album.[3] Miranda’s performance in the leading role of Usnavi earned him a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. Miranda left the cast of the Broadway production on February 15, 2009.[32]

Miranda reprised the role when the national tour of In the Heights played in Los Angeles from June 23 to July 25, 2010.[33][34] He again joined the tour in San Juan, Puerto Rico.[35] Miranda rejoined the Broadway cast as Usnavi from December 25, 2010, until the production closed on January 9, 2011, after 29 previews and 1,185 regular performances.[36]

Miranda created other work for the stage during this period. He wrote Spanish-language dialogue and worked with Stephen Sondheim to translate into Spanish song lyrics for the 2009 Broadway revival of West Side Story.[37][38][29] During this time, he also performed at bar and bat mitzvahs.[29] In 2008, he was invited by composer-lyricist Stephen Schwartz to contribute two new songs to a revised version of Schwartz and Nina Faso’s 1978 musical Working, which opened in May 2008 at the Asolo Repertory Theatre in Sarasota, Florida.[39]

During these years, Miranda worked as an English teacher at his former high school, wrote for the Manhattan Times as a columnist and restaurant critic, and composed music for commercials.[40]

In 2003, Miranda co-founded Freestyle Love Supreme,[41] a hip hop improv group that has toured the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, as well as the Aspen, Melbourne and Montreal Comedy festivals. The group created a limited television series for Pivot in 2014[42] and made its Broadway debut[43] on October 2, 2019, at the Booth Theatre. The self-titled show gained positive reviews.[44]

2011–2014: Bring It On and other theatrical work[edit]

Miranda co-wrote the music and lyrics for Bring It On: The Musical with Tom Kitt and Amanda Green. Bring It On premiered at the Alliance Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia in January 2011.[45] The musical began a US national tour on October 30, 2011, in Los Angeles, California.[46][47] It played a limited engagement on Broadway at the St. James Theatre, beginning previews on July 12, and officially opening on August 1, 2012. It closed on December 30, 2012. It was nominated for Tony Awards in the categories of Best Musical and Best Choreography.[48]

In February 2012, Miranda appeared in Merrily We Roll Along, in the role of Charley, in an Encores! staged concert at New York City Center.

His theatrical achievements in 2014 included an Emmy Award for the song “Bigger!”, which he and Kitt co-wrote for the opening number at the 67th Tony Awards.[49]

Miranda wrote music and lyrics for the one-act musical 21 Chump Street, and performed as narrator for the show’s single performance at the Brooklyn Academy of Music on June 7, 2014. It was broadcast on National Public Radio’s This American Life on June 20, 2014.[50] Later that month, he starred in the June 2014 Encores! revival of Jonathan Larson’s Tick, Tick… Boom!, under the artistic direction of Jeanine Tesori. The show was directed by Oliver Butler.[51]

Earlier in 2014, he guest starred in a show by comedy duo The Skivvies.[52]

2011–2016: Hamilton[edit]

Miranda in Hamilton, 2016

While on vacation in 2008, Lin-Manuel Miranda read Ron Chernow’s biography of Alexander Hamilton. Inspired by the book, he wrote a rap about Hamilton that he performed for the White House Evening of Poetry, Music, and the Spoken Word on May 12, 2009, accompanied by Alex Lacamoire. Miranda later said he spent a year writing the Hamilton song “My Shot”, revising it countless times so that every verse might reflect Alexander Hamilton’s intellect.[53][16] By 2012, Miranda was performing an extended set of pieces based on the life of Hamilton, which he referred to as the Hamilton Mixtape. The New York Times called it “an obvious game changer”.[54]

Hamilton: An American Musical premiered off-Broadway at The Public Theater in January 2015, directed by Thomas Kail. Miranda wrote the book and score and starred as the title character.[55][56] The show received highly positive reviews,[57] and its engagement was sold out.[58] Chernow and Miranda received the 2015 History Makers Award from the New York Historical Society for their work in creating the musical.[59] The show began previews on Broadway in July 2015 at the Richard Rodgers Theatre and officially opened on August 6, 2015,[60] earning positive reviews.[61] On the first night of Hamilton previews, over 700 people lined up for lottery tickets.[62] The Hamilton ticket lottery evolved into Ham4Ham, a series of outdoor mini-performances for lottery participants that was hosted daily by Miranda and cast members for over a year, until August 31, 2016.[63]

Miranda earned a 3% royalty on each performance of Hamilton, earning him $12.7 million by July 2017.[64][65] Hamilton won the Tony Award for Best Musical; Miranda won Tony Awards for Best Original Score and Best Book of a Musical and was nominated for Best Actor in a Musical. Miranda won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for the musical, and the Hamilton cast album won the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album. In May 2016, for his work in the role of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda received the Drama League Distinguished Performance Award.[66]

Miranda performs freestyle rap with President Barack Obama.

On March 15, 2016, members of the cast of Hamilton performed at the White House and hosted workshops; Miranda performed freestyle rap from prompts held up by President Obama.[67] In April 2016, Miranda and Jeremy McCarter published Hamilton: The Revolution, a book describing Hamiltons journey from conception to Broadway success. It also discusses the sense of cultural revolution that permeates the show.[68]

Miranda gave his last performance in Hamilton on July 9, 2016,[69] but vowed to return to the show.[70] Miranda reprised the role of Alexander Hamilton for a three-week run in Puerto Rico January 11–27, 2019, for which the engagement was sold out in three hours in November 2018.[71] In a review, Chris Jones praised “deeper on-stage emotions” in Miranda’s reprisal, as well as improved vocal and dance technique than on Broadway.[72]

A documentary about the creation of the show, Hamilton’s America, featuring Miranda, premiered at the New York Film Festival on October 1, 2016, and first aired on PBS’ Great Performances series on October 21, 2016.[73][74] A taping of the OBT version of Hamilton was released on Disney+ on July 3, 2020.

On January 24, 2016, Miranda performed the offstage cameo role of Loud Hailer in the Broadway production of Les Misérables,[75] fulfilling his childhood dream of being in the show, as it was the first production he ever saw on Broadway.[76]

Film[edit]

Early acting roles[edit]

Miranda appeared in a small role in the Walt Disney Pictures live-action film The Odd Life of Timothy Green (2012).[77][78]

2015–present: Disney projects[edit]

Miranda interviewed with Disney in the winter of 2013. She submitted a six-song demo package to Walt Disney Animation Studios.[79] This began a series of collaborations with the company:

  • Moana – In the spring 2014, the studio hired Miranda to help write and perform music for Moana, its 2016 animated feature film.[79][80] From 2014 to 2016, Miranda collaborated with Opetaia Foa’i and Mark Mancina on the songs for Moana.[81] He later explained that because he was so busy with Moana and Hamilton, he turned down other projects “that might have distracted” him, but this served as an “ego check” as Hamilton became a hit.[79] Moana opened in November 2016 and was a box office hit, earning positive reviews and praise from critics for Miranda’s songwriting.[82][83][84] Miranda also sang the song “We Know the Way” in the film, and recorded a duet with Jordan Fisher of the song “You’re Welcome”, which was played over the film’s end credits.[85] For the song “How Far I’ll Go”, Miranda received Golden Globe, Critics’ Choice, Oscar, and Grammy Award nominations.[86][87][88][89]
  • Star Wars: The Force Awakens – While working on Hamilton, Miranda contributed music for the Disney-distributed film Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015), writing a song for the scene in Maz Kanata’s cantina, an homage to the classic Mos Eisley Cantina scene and song by Figrin D’an and the Modal Nodes.[90]
  • DuckTales – Miranda debuted in May 2018 as the voice of Fenton “Gizmoduck” Crackshell-Cabrera in Disney Channel’s 2017 reboot of DuckTales, and made recurring appearances throughout the show’s run.[91]
  • Mary Poppins Returns – Miranda plays Jack, a lamplighter, and former apprentice to Bert, the chimney sweep played by Dick Van Dyke in the original 1964 film Mary Poppins. This was his first major role after leaving the Broadway cast of Hamilton. Miranda traveled to London in 2017 for the film,[79][92] directed by Rob Marshall, which was released in December 2018.[92][93]
  • Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker – Following his work on The Force Awakens, Miranda contributed music for the Disney-distributed film Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker (2019), writing a song for the scene on the desert planet Pasadena, in addition to making a cameo appearance as a Resistance trooper.[94]
  • The live stage recording of the original Broadway production of Hamilton was acquired by Walt Disney Pictures and released on Disney+ on July 3, 2020.[95][96]
  • Encanto – Miranda collaborated again with Walt Disney Animation Studios on a computer-animated musical titled Encanto directed by Jared Bush and Byron Howard, with Charise Castro Smith co-directing. The film was released on November 24, 2021.[97][98] The soundtrack was a success; the song “We Don’t Talk About Bruno” rose to number one on the US Billboard Hot 100, and Miranda received an Academy Award for Best Original Song nomination for the song “Dos Oruguitas”.
  • The Little Mermaid – In August 2016, Miranda agreed to write songs with Alan Menken for Disney’s forthcoming live-action remake of The Little Mermaid.[99] Miranda co-produced the film with Marc Platt and Rob Marshall, the latter of whom directed.[99] Menken announced in July 2017 that he and Miranda had begun working on new songs for the project.[79][100] Miranda and Menken wrote four new songs for The Little Mermaid, which had been recorded by April 2020.[101] The film was released in theaters on May 26, 2023.[102]

In the Heights (2021)[edit]

On November 7, 2008, Universal Pictures announced that they planned to adapt In the Heights as a feature film for release in 2011.[103] However, the project was canceled in March 2011,[104] reportedly due to the fact Universal was looking for a “bankable Latino star” like Shakira or Jennifer Lopez instead of unknown actors.[105] In January 2012, Miranda stated that the film adaptation was back under discussion;[106] in May 2016, it was announced that Miranda might co-produce the film with Harvey Weinstein and backing from The Weinstein Company.[107] On June 10, 2016, Jon M. Chu came on board to direct the film adaptation of the musical.[108] In the aftermath of numerous sexual misconduct allegations made against Weinstein, his producer credit on the film was removed, with the rights to the film eventually auctioned off to Warner Bros. for $50 million.[109] While Miranda originated the role of Usnavi, he felt he was too old to star as Usnavi in the film adaptation. Ultimately, Miranda played the smaller role of Piraguero, the “Piragua Guy”, in the film. He was quoted as saying the Broadway production was “…a miraculous experience. I went from substitute teacher to Broadway composer. I will never make a leap that big again in my life. I was very content to let Anthony Ramos and this incredible cast have their own experience.”[110] Miranda also served as producer and acted alongside Anthony Ramos,[111] Corey Hawkins,[112] Leslie Grace,[113] and Jimmy Smits.[114] The film was set for release on June 26, 2020,[115] but was pulled from the schedule due to the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on the film industry.[116] It was released in theaters and temporarily on HBO Max on June 10, 2021.[117]

Vivo (2021)[edit]

Miranda stars as the titular character in addition to providing eleven songs and serving as an executive producer for Vivo, a Sony Pictures Animation film directed by Kirk DeMicco which was released on Netflix in August 2021.[118][119][120]

Tick, Tick…Boom! (2021)[edit]

Imagine Entertainment announced in July 2018 that Miranda might make his debut as a film director with an adaptation of Jonathan Larson’s semi-autobiographical musical Tick, Tick… Boom!, to be scripted by Dear Evan Hansen librettist Steven Levenson.[121][122] Miranda produced the film alongside Ron Howard and Brian Grazer:[122] it was released on Netflix in 2021.[123][124]

Upcoming projects[edit]

Miranda agreed in 2016 to serve as executive producer and composer of Lionsgate’s film adaptation of The Kingkiller Chronicle by Patrick Rothfuss, as well as a tie-in television series.[125][126] In 2022, it was revealed that he was no longer attached to the project.

Television[edit]

2007–2013: Early roles[edit]

Miranda also worked in film and television. In 2007, he made a small appearance on the television series The Sopranos in the episode “Remember When”,[127] and in 2009, he played Juan “Alvie” Alvarez, Gregory House’s roommate in a psychiatric hospital, in the two-hour season six premiere episode of House; he returned to the role in May 2010. For Sesame Street, he occasionally played roles and sang the theme song to the recurring segment Murray Has a Little Lamb.[128] He was a composer and actor on the 2009 revival of The Electric Company[129][130] and appeared in the CollegeHumor sketch “Hardly Working: Rap Battle”, playing himself working as an intern and rapper.[131]

He played several television roles during this period. He appeared on the TV series Modern Family in the 2011 episode “Good Cop Bad Dog”.[132] In 2013, he played the recurring role of Ruben Marcado in the NBC drama Do No Harm.[133] He later appeared in the CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother, in an all-verse episode titled “Bedtime Stories” that aired in November 2013.[134]

2016–2021: Comedy roles and other projects[edit]

On April 24, 2016, on the TV show Last Week Tonight with John Oliver, at the end of a segment about the debt crisis in Puerto Rico, Miranda performed an emotional rap about allowing the island to restructure its debt.[135] Miranda hosted Saturday Night Live on October 8, 2016, and played himself in two episodes of Curb Your Enthusiasm in 2017, receiving Emmy Award nominations for both appearances.[136] In 2019, Miranda was the guest narrator at Disney’s Candlelight Processional at Disneyland.[137]

Miranda performed the theme song for the Netflix original series The Magic School Bus Rides Again, the revival and sequel series of the 1994 series The Magic School Bus. He played the part of Amy’s brother (David Santiago) in the episode “The Golden Child” in Brooklyn Nine-Nine. On July 29, 2019, it was announced that Miranda had teamed with TV producer Norman Lear to make an American Masters documentary about the life of Puerto Rican actress Rita Moreno, titled Rita Moreno: Just a Girl Who Decided to Go for It.[138] It premiered at the 2021 Sundance Film Festival. Miranda, in collaboration with Brittany Howard, Daveed Diggs, Kristen Anderson-Lopez, and Robert Lopez wrote the lyrics for the song “Checks and Balances”, which was sung by Benjy Brooke for the 2021 Netflix animated series We the People.[139]

Fosse/Verdon (2018)[edit]

In 2019, Miranda served as an executive producer on the FX limited series Fosse/Verdon based on the relationship of Broadway dancer, choreographer, and director Bob Fosse and his wife dancer Gwen Verdon. Miranda also made a brief appearance playing Roy Scheider from All That Jazz. The series won critical acclaim, and Miranda was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Limited or Anthology Series as an executive producer.

His Dark Materials (2019)[edit]

Miranda was cast as Lee Scoresby in the BBC series television adaptation of His Dark Materials (2019).[140] Daniel Fienberg of The Hollywood Reporter praised Miranda in his review writing, “[While] I appreciate that Miranda feels initially miscast as Pullman’s paragon of cowboy American masculinity…[he] forces you to reconstruct an image of American manliness around him, making him exactly what the series needs”.[141]

Upcoming projects[edit]

He appears as Hermes, messenger of the gods, in Percy Jackson and the Olympians, which premiered on Disney+ on December 19, 2023. [142]

In August of 2023, it was reported that he has begun work on a stage musical adaptation of the novel The Warriors (which was formerly adapted into the 1979 film of the same name).[143]

Personal life[edit]

Family[edit]

Miranda (right) with his family upon receiving a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2018. Nadal is in the center.

Miranda and his wife, Vanessa Nadal, attended high school together and married in 2010. Nadal is a graduate of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the Fordham University School of Law. She was a lawyer at the law firm Jones Day from 2010 to 2016.[144] At the wedding reception, Miranda, along with the wedding party, performed the Fiddler on the Roof song “To Life”.[145][146]

Miranda and Nadal have two sons: Sebastian (b. 2014) and Francisco (b. 2018).[147][148] His son Sebastian was named after the Jamaican crab from The Little Mermaid, one of his favorite films, the reason for which he took the job of composing the music for live-action version.[149] Sebastian was the first name listed in the production babies credits of Moana, for which Miranda wrote the songs.[150]
Miranda’s son Francisco is listed as a production baby in the credits for Vivo.

Miranda discovered that he is related to artists Residente and iLe of Calle 13 during a 2009 concert by the group in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where Miranda was invited to perform. Backstage, the mother of Residente and ILE revealed their connection to Gilberto Concepción de Gracia, founder of the Puerto Rican Independence Party.[151][152][153] Miranda and Residente have since confirmed the relationship.[154][155][156][157] In 2017, Miranda performed on the opening track of Residente’s self-titled debut album.[158]

Miranda is a cousin of professional baseball player José Miranda.[159]

Activism[edit]

After a meeting with President Barack Obama in March 2016,[160] Miranda joined United States. Senators Kirsten Gillibrand, Chuck Schumer, Elizabeth Warren, and other Democratic lawmakers to call for congressional action to back a Senate bill in Washington that might allow Puerto Rico to declare bankruptcy and significantly ease its $70 billion government-debt burden.[161] Miranda was particularly active in the wake of Hurricane Maria’s devastation in Puerto Rico,[10][11] and by December 2017, proceeds from his song “Almost Like Praying” helped the Hispanic Federation raise $22 million for rescue efforts and disaster relief.[162][163]

Miranda uses proceeds from Hamilton to support Graham Windham, a nonprofit adoption agency founded by Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton.[164] Miranda performs at their fundraising gala benefits in New York City and helps to fundraise for children in foster care.[165]

He performed “Found/Tonight” with Ben Platt at the March for Our Lives anti-gun violence rally in Washington, D.C., on March 24, 2018.[166][167]

In order to raise money for Puerto Rico’s reconstruction after being struck by hurricanes Irma and María, including at least $15 million to be channeled through the Flamboyán Foundation, Lin-Manuel decided to take, and once again play the protagonist role in Hamilton to his father’s native Puerto Rico. The Miranda family donated approximately $1 million to bring the University of Puerto Rico theater up to par in order to use it as the venue for the musical’s performance in January 2018. After tickets sold out in two hours for the three-week run, producers decided to move out of the university venue due to warnings of potential disruptions by a university workers’ labor organization, and move the already-installed set to the Luis A. Ferré Performing Arts Center in Santurce, where the performances ran from January 11 to January 27. The production donated additional hundreds of thousands of dollars in improvements to the Ferré Performing Arts Center.[168]

In 2016, Miranda advocated for the passing of the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability Act (PROMESA), a law setting out to restructure the debt of Puerto Rico following Hurricane Maria.[169] The law led to budget cuts resulting in the closure of over 200 public schools, cuts to government labor benefits, and budget cuts at the University of Puerto Rico (UPR). It was met with protests, with UPR shutting down due to student strikes over the measures in 2017. Miranda became a target of criticism, especially when he performed Hamilton in Puerto Rico, given his lobbying on the bill as well as the musical’s subject matter of the United States which several Puerto Ricans see as an oppressor of the island.[170] During the post show, Miranda met with protestors explaining that he had seen PROMESA as the only bipartisan option for the debt crisis previously, he does not support the austerity measures introduced and that he believes full debt-relief should now be pursued.[171] Subsequently, he has argued for full debt-relief for the island[172] and noted that the 2016 act has not led to the promised relief.[173]

Awards and honors[edit]

Among his numerous accolades, Miranda has won a Pulitzer Prize, five Grammys, three Tony Awards, two Primetime Emmy Awards, and two Olivier Awards and has been nominated for two Academy Awards. In 2015, he was the recipient of a Genius Grant from the MacArthur Fellows Program. In 2016, Time magazine included Miranda in its annual Time 100 as one of the “Most Influential People in the World” and he received a star on the Puerto Rico Walk of Fame.[175][176] Miranda received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on November 30, 2018.[177] In December 2018, he received the Kennedy Center Honors for creating Hamilton.[178]

In 2015, Miranda was the recipient of Smithsonian Magazine’s American Ingenuity Award in the History category.[179] In 2019, Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery awarded Miranda the Portrait of a Nation prize.[180] The Hamilton Mixtape, a cover album by Miranda, further reached number one on the Billboard 200.

Honorary degrees

Miranda received an honorary degree in 2009 from Yeshiva University in Washington Heights, Manhattan, becoming the youngest person to receive an honorary degree from that university.[181] Ed Koch, former mayor of New York City, presented Miranda with the degree.[182]

He received the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters in 2015 from his alma mater, Wesleyan University,[183] and gave their commencement address.[184] In May 2016, he received an honorary Doctorate of the Arts from the University of Pennsylvania and gave the commencement speech.[185] In July 2016, The University of Puerto Rico approved to grant him the degree of doctor honoris causa.[186] In July 2022, he received an honorary doctorate from the Royal Academy of Music in London, England.[187]

Theatre[edit]

Year Title Role Details Notes
1999 In the Heights Usnavi de la Vega Wesleyan University, April 20–22 Also composer and lyricist
2005 Unknown, Workshop
Eugene O’Neill Theater Center
2007 Usnavi de la Vega Off-Broadway, Feb 8 – July 15, 2007
2008–09 Broadway, February 14, 2008 – February 15, 2009
2010 US tour
2009 West Side Story Broadway revival Spanish translations
2010–11 In the Heights Usnavi de la Vega Broadway, December 25, 2010 – January 9, 2011 Also composer and lyricist
2011 Working Chicago revival Wrote two new songs
2012 Merrily We Roll Along Charley Kringas Encores!, Feb 8–9, 2012
Bring It On: The Musical Broadway & tour Co-composer and lyricist
2013 Hamilton Alexander Hamilton Vassar College, Workshop Also created book, music, and lyrics
2014 The 52nd Street Project, Workshop
21 Chump Street Narrator Brooklyn Academy of Music, June 7, 2014
Tick, Tick… Boom! Jon Encores!, June 25–28, 2014
2015 Hamilton Alexander Hamilton Off-Broadway, Jan 20 – May 3, 2015 Also created book, music, and lyrics
2015–16 Broadway, August 6, 2015 – July 9, 2016
2016 Les Misérables Loud Hailer Broadway, January 24, 2016[75] Voice only
2019 Hamilton Alexander Hamilton Luis A. Ferré Performing Arts Center, Jan 11–27, 2019 Limited engagement; also created book, music, and lyrics
Camelot King Arthur Lincoln Center Theater
2019–20 Freestyle Love Supreme Himself Booth Theatre, October 2, 2019 – Jan 12, 2020 Selected performances
2021–22 Booth Theatre, October 19, 2021 – Jan 2, 2022
2023 New York, New York Broadway Additional lyrics
Gutenberg! The Musical! The Producer James Earl Jones Theatre, October 19, 2023 One Night Cameo

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1996 Clayton’s Friends Pete Also writer, producer, director and editor
2012 The Odd Life of Timothy Green Reggie
The Polar Bears Jak Voice; short film
2013 200 Cartas Raúl
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Shag Kava Voice cameo; also special featured composer and lyricist
2016 Studio Heads Himself Short film
Moana Composer, lyricist and singer
2017 Speech & Debate The Genie
2018 Mary Poppins Returns Jack
2019 Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker Resistance Soldier Cameo; also special featured composer and lyricist
2020 Hamilton Alexander Hamilton Also writer, composer, lyricist and producer
Siempre, Luis Himself Documentary
Mucho Mucho Amor: The Legend of Walter Mercado
2021 Rita Moreno: Just a Girl Who Decided to Go for It Documentary; also executive producer
In the Heights Piragüero Also composer, lyricist and producer
Summer of Soul Himself Documentary
Vivo Vivo Voice; also composer, lyricist and executive producer
Tick, Tick… Boom![124] Moondance cook Cameo; also director and producer
Encanto[188][189] Composer, lyricist and story writer
2022 Weird: The Al Yankovic Story Doctor
Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe[190] Producer
2023 The Little Mermaid Lyricist and producer

Television[edit]

Web series[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Hamilton: The Revolution (2016) with Jeremy McCarter
  • Gmorning, Gnight!: Little Pep Talks for Me & You (2018) with Jonny Sun
  • In the Heights: Finding Home (2021) with Quiara Alegría Hudes and Jeremy McCarter

Articles[edit]

  • “Stop the Bots from Killing Broadway”, The New York Times (2016)[202]
  • “Give Puerto Rico Its Chance to Thrive”, The New York Times (2016)[203]

Discography[edit]

Cast albums[edit]

Soundtrack albums[edit]

Soundtrack mixtapes[edit]

Instrumental albums[edit]

Singles[edit]

Audiobook narration[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]




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