The Impact of Urban Public Services on the Residence Intentions of Migrant Entrepreneurs in the Western Region of China
5. Heterogeneity Analysis
However, entrepreneurs who move within the province have relatively low migration costs due to their short distance, small differences in social, cultural, and institutional factors, and weak sensitivity to the local business environment. Whether they reside in the local area not only considers the level of urban public services but also pays attention to the average wage level and the influence of personal factors.
7. Conclusions and Policy Implications
7.1. Research Conclusions
This paper uses the 2017 China Migrants Dynamic Survey (CMDS) and matching data from 289 prefecture-level cities to examine the relationship between the residence intention of migrant entrepreneurs in western regions with employment status as “employers” and “self-employed workers” and urban public services. At the same time, this paper conducts group regression analysis according to household registration differences, generational differences, family structure differences, employment identity differences, industry and flow range differences, and other factors, revealing the heterogeneous impact of urban public services on migrant entrepreneurs’ residence intentions in the western region. The main conclusions include:
Firstly, urban public services in the western region of China significantly affect the residence intentions of migrant entrepreneurs. That is to say, the higher the level of urban public services, the stronger the residence intention of migrant entrepreneurs. Meanwhile, further analysis of the permanent residence intention of migrant entrepreneurs who are willing to continue staying in the local area in the future shows that the level of urban public services such as education services, cultural services, medical services, and transportation services significantly enhances the permanent residence intention of migrant entrepreneurs.
Second, under the different circumstances of household registration differences, generational differences, family structure differences, employment identity differences, industry and flow range differences, and other factors, the residence intention of migrant entrepreneurs in the western region of China and urban public services have a heterogeneous impact. This indicates that adjusting the local urban public service level according to local conditions in the western region is beneficial for enhancing the residence and permanent residence intentions of migrant entrepreneurs.
7.2. Management Inspiration
Regionally coordinated development has been an important approach to achieving sustainable regional development, which can also promote economic development. This paper can be regarded as a part of the study of regional coordinated development and sustainable development, which can provide a reference for future discussions on regional development.
Firstly, this paper analyzes the issue of the residence intention of migrant entrepreneurs from the perspective of urban public services, which can provide a feasible macro-research perspective for existing entrepreneurial challenges and supplement current entrepreneurial research. Entrepreneurs among the migrant population are a special group in cities who play an important role in driving local economic development and increasing economic income for the migrant population. This article not only considers the impact of comprehensive indicators of urban public services on the residence intention of migrant entrepreneurs but also explores the impact of the six subdimensions of urban public services on the residence intention of migrant entrepreneurs. It deeply analyzes the impact of multidimensional factors related to people’s livelihoods on the residence intentions of migrant entrepreneurs, providing a global and local perspective for studying the entrepreneurial issues of the migrant population.
Secondly, the equalization of basic public services is the focus of achieving common prosperity. Improving the level of urban public services and benefiting more migrant populations with the fruits of economic development can not only increase the residence intentions of migrant entrepreneurs but also promote balanced development in the western region, thereby promoting the strategy of common prosperity.
7.3. Policy Recommendations
The stable residence of migrant entrepreneurs not only has a significant impact on promoting the sustainable development of entrepreneurial enterprises but also helps alleviate the urban problems caused by population agglomeration in large cities. Based on the results of baseline regression and heterogeneity analysis, this paper proposes the following policy recommendations aimed at increasing the residence intention of migrant entrepreneurs flowing to the western region and providing reference for solving the problem of urban scale polarization caused by population agglomeration and achieving common prosperity through entrepreneurial poverty reduction practices.
Firstly, focus on the residence intentions of middle-aged migrant entrepreneurs with family mobility. They mostly engage in individual businesses and generally have a higher willingness to stay in the local area. Encourage local governments to provide corresponding public services based on their needs for education services, medical services, technology, and communication services. Secondly, encourage the government to rely on the power of communities and society to provide diversified and segmented public services for migrant entrepreneurs in order to retain local migrant entrepreneurs and attract more migrant entrepreneurs. Thirdly, due to the influence of geographical location, the population in various cities in the western region is mostly scattered. Local governments are encouraged to adjust the location of public service facilities in a timely manner according to the distribution of entrepreneurial enterprises and populations and provide entrepreneurs with the necessary public services such as education, medical care, environment, technology, and communication services.
7.4. Research Shortcomings and Future Research
The study has several shortcomings that do not diminish its quality and do not call into question the obtained findings. The first shortcoming is that the research data is cross-sectional, which cannot well observe the temporal trend of the impact of urban public services on migrant entrepreneurs’ residence intentions. Another drawback is that this paper only uses empirical analysis to explore the relationship between public services and residence intention in western cities in China, and the internal mechanism of how the two affect each other is still unclear.
Therefore, the most important guidelines and suggestions for further research are as follows: (1) Panel data can be used to analyze the relationship between public services and residence intention in western cities. (2) One or more sample cities can be selected, and the case study method is used to explore the mechanisms of public services and the residence intentions of migrant entrepreneurs.
Disasters Expo USA, is proud to be supported by Inergency for their next upcoming edition on March 6th & 7th 2024!
The leading event mitigating the world’s most costly disasters is returning to the Miami Beach
And in case you missed it, here is our ultimate road trip playlist is the perfect mix of podcasts, and hidden gems that will keep you energized for the entire journey-